Friday, January 30, 2009

Chinese arms are selling well in Africa

China military equipment exports booming to Africa Continent

by Andrei Chang

Increasing quantities of Chinese-made military equipment have been finding their way to Africa, traded for oil, mineral resources and even fishing rights. Zambia has used its copper resources to pay China in a number of military deals, for instance, and Kenya has been negotiating with China to trade fishing rights for arms.

Among the most popular Chinese military exports to Africa are the J-7, K-8 and Y-12 aircraft, which are relatively inexpensive and easy to operate. China sees those countries already armed with the K-8 and J-7 aircraft as potential customers for its new FC-1 fighters.

Sources from the Russian and South African military industries have told UPI they are now keeping an eye on China's FC-1 fighter sales. The Russian military believes the FC-1 is inferior to its Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 SMT and its Sukhoi Su-30 MKA. But the Russians cannot match China's deal-making ability, as the Chinese are accepting oil and minerals in lieu of cash to pay for their equipment.

A delegation from the Nigerian air force told the author at the Cape Town Air Show in South Africa last September that their country was negotiating with China to purchase K-8 trainer aircraft. The country imported Chinese J-7 fighters in 2006 and has expressed an interest in the FC-1.

Zimbabwe's air force delegation told the author they were negotiating the purchase of one squadron of FC-1 fighters from China. Zimbabwe is already equipped with K-8 trainers and J-7 fighters. In August last year one Zimbabwean K-8 trainer crashed because of pilot error, the air force representative admitted.

The current problem lies in how Zimbabwe will be able to pay for the purchase of FC-1 fighters. A source from the South African military industry says China is interested in Zimbabwe's zinc and aluminum mines.

In recent years, a large number of Chinese companies have been involved in the development of mines in Angola as well. Military observers in South Africa told the author there are many Chinese workers in Angola, and China already has become the largest importer of the country's crude oil.

A source from the Angolan military said the country was very interested in Chinese arms. He said the Angolan air force needed entry-level trainer aircraft, and therefore was discussing a deal to import Chinese aircraft. The Angolan air force also intends to acquire new-generation advanced fighters.

A source from the South African military industry said Angola has at least eight Sukhoi Su-27 fighters. Since Russia denies having exported these planes to Angola, they are believed to be secondhand Sukhoi Su-27 fighters from Ukraine or Belarus, both of which have good military ties with Angola.

Since Angola has rich oil resources -- and combat capability is not a top priority in its choice of fighter aircraft -- there is a good chance the country may trade its oil for Chinese-made fighters.

Monday, January 26, 2009

China to conduct exercise in Aksai Chin near border with India ?

China to conduct exercise in Aksai Chin ?

China's CCTV program shows military officers learning about the landscape
of the Aksai Chin region.

In 2006, a Google Earth user KenGrok discovered a "sandbox" in China's Ningxia province.
Later it was found this "sandbox" is a model of the Aksai Chin region, which is
1,500 miles to the southwest of Ningxia.

There were a lot of speculations on why China built a "sandbox" model of its sensitive border with India. Most agree this model is used by Chinese military for training purpose.

The CCTV video shows military officers studying the map of Sino-India western border region.
The "sandbox" model can be clearly seen in the background.

Monday, January 19, 2009

China to have global satellite navigation system by 2015

BEIJING, Jan. 19 (Xinhua) -- China plans to complete its independent global satellite navigation system by launching about 30 more orbiters before 2015, a space technology official said Sunday.

China plans to send 10 navigation satellites into the space in 2009 and 2010, said Zhang Xiaojin, director of astronautics department with China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) told China Central Television (CCTV).

The plan is to establish a global navigation system consisting of more than 30 satellites by the year of 2015. The system will shake off the dependence on foreign systems, Zhang said.

U.S.'s GPS has been widely used for commercial navigation in vehicles, cell phones and other civilian devices in China. Chinese civilian and military users could be guided by their own satellites worldwide after the Beidou becomes the world's fourth edition of global navigation systems.

China launched the first satellite, Beidou Navigation System, into geostationary orbit in Oct. 2000, in an effort to build up its own positioning system independent from the U.S.'s Global Positioning System (GPS), E.U.'s Galileo Positioning System and Russia's Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS).

China has sent five positioning orbiters into the space. The current Beidou system only provides regional navigation service within China's territory.

Since Beidou's fifth orbiter launched in April 2007, China has started to upgrade the navigation system to the second generation, code named COMPASS.

Friday, January 16, 2009

Venezuela deepens trade, military ties with China

Chavez takes control of a communications satellite, and will soon get delivery of 18 military training aircraft, a sign analysts say of the United States' waning influence on the continent.
By Chris Kraul

Reporting from Caracas, Venezuela -- Venezuela took control this weekend of a Chinese-built communications satellite, part of a deepening trade relationship that some say illustrates waning U.S. influence in Latin America.

Accompanied by Chinese technicians at a communications facility in western Guarico state, President Hugo Chavez presided at a ceremony in which Venezuela formally assumed operation of the Simon Bolivar, a $400-million satellite that China launched in October.

"This will put an end to media terrorism and help us spread our own truth, to wage the battle of ideas with efficiency and transparency," Chavez said on national television Saturday.

Chavez said the satellite, which China built for Venezuela on contract, would strengthen his nation's sovereignty by overcoming U.S. "media bombardment." The orb will also bring the Internet to schools and homes across Venezuela and facilitate "tele-medicine": sending medical tests of patients in remote locations via the Internet to urban medical centers for speedier diagnoses.

Evan Ellis, a consultant with Arlington, Va.-based Booz Allen Hamilton, said the satellite is an example of "strategic relationships" China has been able to build because the United States no longer "closely defends its exclusive presence" in Latin America.

"Traditionally Chinese diplomacy has been cautious there for fear of provoking us and endangering its U.S. trade relationship," Ellis said. "But it's become bolder in its affairs, not just with relatively neutral countries, but even with a country like Venezuela, which is openly hostile to the United States."

Also this month, China is delivering 18 military jet training aircraft that can be refitted for combat as well as a missile defense radar system. Venezuela also has begun to receive 27 oil drilling platforms and a fleet of oil tankers it ordered from China, Ellis said.

China now buys an average of 338,000 barrels of Venezuelan oil daily, a figure that could rise to 1 million a day by 2012, Chavez has said. Venezuela subsidizes those sales by paying the freight costs.

Chavez critic and former foreign minister Simon Alberto Consalvi said that the burgeoning trade relationship has mostly benefited China, and that the recent decline in oil prices may force Chavez to curtail his spending.

"China is doing great business here while Venezuela is running up a very negative trade balance," Consalvi said. "With the drop in oil prices, I don't think Chavez can continue these sorts of arrangements."

China has also committed to investing billions of dollars in a heavy oil development project in eastern Venezuela's Orinoco Belt, where several U.S. and European oil firms were given the boot after refusing to cede control of projects to the state oil company Petroleos de Venezuela, known as PDVSA.

Looking to secure long-term access to oil and other minerals, China has signed 21 such energy deals around the world.

Beijing has also committed $4 billion to fund social development projects in Venezuela, including railroads, housing, highways and schools. Chavez said China has also committed to adding billions more to a second social projects fund.

Special correspondent Mery Mogollon contributed to this report.,0,2000640.story

Friday, January 9, 2009

Pakistan to receive 120 C-602 cruise missiles from China

Pakistan Navy have purchased 120 C-602 long range anti-ship cruise missiles from china to counter the threat posed to the surface fleet of Pakistan navy by the Proliferation of Russian supersonic AntiShip missiles P-800 Oniks / Yakhont / PJ-10 Brahmos (Indian assembled version of Yakhont). Long range of the C-602 AntiShip missile will make sure that Pakistan Navy have first shoot advantage in case of an encounter with the Indian ships equipped with Russian Yakhont AntiShip missiles.

The C-602 long-range subsonic anti-ship cruise missile is developed by the CASIC 3rd Academy. The C-602 outperforms most Western and Russian anti-ship missiles in terms of range and warhead mass. The YJ-62 was first offered for export by the China National Precision Machinery Import and Export Corporation (CPMIEC) during the Defense Systems & Equipment International (DSEI) Land and Naval Systems Exhibition in September 2005. The missile is fitted with a strap-down inertial guidance coupled with GPS, and active radar for the terminal phase. CPMIEC claims that the C-602 is fitted with a frequency agile radar seeker which offers greater resistance to jamming from targeted ship. The active radar seeker has an acquisition range of up to 40km.

The C-602 is a conventional cruise missile design, with mid-body wings that deploy following launch. The fixed ventral air inlet is mounted slightly forward of the cruciform tail fins. The missile is 6.1 meters long (without the 0.9 meter-long launch booster), and weighs 1,140kg. The solid propellant booster weighs an additional 210kg. The C-602 has a cruise speed of Mach 0.6, carries a 300kg HE blast warhead, is powered by a small turbojet, and has a stated range of 280km, with the missile flying at an altitude of 30 meters during the cruise phase of an engagement. In the terminal phase, the missile descends to a height of seven meters, and it can be launched from truck-mounted launchers, from warships as well as from medium multi-role combat aircraft.C-602 anti-ship missile employs a cylinder-shape launcher.

Sunday, January 4, 2009

Type F-22P Frigate For Pakistan Undergoes Sea Trial

Pakistan purchased four Type F-22P frigates from China.
The first of the four ships, #251 is currently undergoing sea trial near Shanghai.
China will build the first two ships, and Pakistan will build the other two.
The spec of Type F22P frigate is listed below, it is a good looking ship.